Civilization of the ancient Egyptians is the civilization that Egypt lived under the pharaohs with different families since the dawn of history until the Roman throw 3000 years. Spanned from 3100 BC. to 332 BC., where the ancient Egyptian excelled in building civilization and left a significant cultural momentum in science, literature, arts, agriculture, industry, art of embalming and social life. Since 35 thousand years BC. this area has a desertification, when rainfall stops, which created an agricultural communities in Central Egypt, and Delta in North. The first Egyptian civilization was in the region of Badari in Upper Egypt based on farming, fishing, breeding birds, livestock, pottery and mining.
In about the year 4000 BC. Irrigation systems hav appeared, and Egypt became a small tribal kingdoms, Upper Egypt was symbolized by the white crown and Lower Egypt, symbolized by the Red crown, King Menes united the two countries in 3200 BC.and made the capital Memphis. This standardization made Egypt a safe country and its capital Memphis, and this is evident through on papyrus.
This is the historical division of Egypt, known by Egyptian Dynastic goes to priest named Manetho in the Ptolemaic era, divide Egypt to thirty families, until Alexander the Great invaded Egypt and this date has gaps overlooked by many periods of the rulers of Egypt.
This era also witnessed a revolution of "Akhenaten" religious when he called to worship of one God and symbolized it by sun and established a new capital of the country called it "Akhetaten"